BASICS ABOUT MANGO


            BASICS  OFMANGO CULTIVATION

Botanical Name:- Mangifera Indica
Family:- Ancardiaceae
Origin:- Indo-Burma region


·         Mango malformation was first observed in 1891 in Bihar.
·         Malbhog variety of mango is most susceptible to water logged condition.
·         Dashehari variety have highest fruit retention.
·         Langra variety have highest number of perfect flowers.
·         Mango can withstand deficiency of perfect flower.
·         Mango variety Mulgoa is mono-embroyonic in India and polyembryonic in Florida.
·         National fruit of India.
·         About 39% of world mango is produced in India.
·         Highest productivity in world- Venezuela.
·         North Indian varieties: Alternate Bearer, monoembryonic, self incompatible
·         South Indian varieties: Regular Bearer, polyembryonic
·         Pollinator- house fly; pollinizing variety Bombay green – highest vita.-C
·         Maturity indices: a. Alphonso-SG (specific gravity) 1.o1 to 1.02
                                b. Dashehari- SG-1.0
·         Mangos are highly susceptible to low temp. injury that’s why they should be stored above 5 °C temp.
·         VHT (Vapour heat treatment) is recommended for disinfection of mango fruit flies and stone weevils.
·          Two crop of mango is taken in Kanyakumari district of TN.
·         Mango hybridization work was first started Bruns and Prayag in 1911 at Pune
·         Caging technique of breeding in mango was first used by Dr. R.N. Singh
·         Good mango varieties have a TSS of 20%
·         Polyembryonic rootstocks of mango:
1.       1.Bappakai 2.Chandrakaran 3. Goa 4.Mulgoa 5.Olour 6.Kurukkan 7.Solan 8.Mulgoa 9.Bellary 10.Villiacolumban 11.Nileshwar dwarf
·         Rumani is used for dwarfing for dwarfing effect in Dashehari
·         Olour is used foe dwarfing effecting in Langra & Himsagar
·         Villicolumban is used for dwarfing effect in Alphonso
Ø  Salt resistant rootstock of mango: Kurukkan, Moovandan, Nekkaare
Ø  No. of perfect(bisexual) flower   Highest- 68.9%min Langra variety
                                                          Lowest-  0.74% Rumani variety
Ø  In mango, only 0.1% flower (perfect) develops fruits to maturity (Spray 2-4-D 10PPM, overcome this problem)
Ø  Spongy tissue was first observed by Cheema and Dhani in 1934.
Ø  India contributes 54.2% of total mango production in the world.
Ø  Temp. between 24-27 °C is ideal for mango cultivation
Ø  Introduced polyembryonic rootstock of mango:
                                                                                                     1.Apricot 2.Simmonds 3.Higgins 4.Pico 5.strawberry 6. Salary 7.Combodiana 8.Terpentine 9.Carbao 10.Saigon
·         Beside  Alphonso, Kesar, Gulabkhas, Lakhan Bhog and Safdar Pasand are exported
·         Dashehari, Langra, Chausa, and Bombay green are self incompatible mango cultivar
·         Xavier-variety have highest TSS-24.8%
·         Storage temperature: (A) mature fruit 6-7 °C (B) Ripened fruit 20 °C
·         Longevity of mango seeds: 30 days
·         Black tip was first observed in 1909 by woodhouse                                                                                                                                              
                                              Varieties of Mango: -
1.       Alphonso
2.       Banganapalli
3.       Bombay green
4.       Chausa
5.       Dashehari
6.       Fazli
7.       Kesar
8.       Badami
9.       Langra
10.   Niranjan
11.   Neelum
12.   Rosica
13.   Madhulica
14.   Lal sindhuri
15.   Rumani
16.   Malika
17.   Amrapali
18.   Ratana
19.   Sindhu
20.   Ambika
21.   Pusa lalima
22.   Pusa partibha
23.   Pusa pitamber
24.   Sai sunganndha
25.   Pusa suryas

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