Skip to main content

History of Paper


 In the past 50 years paper and pulp production has multiplied ten to fifteen folds (although the population is just double).
  • Ø The paper and pulp industry in the second largest consumer of wood

Ø From the very beginning of the civilization man used to draw symbols on rocks and bones, inscribed on clay tablet (Mesopotamia).

Ø Later, human beings began using boards made of wood, metal and loam.

Ø About 5000 yrs (2400 BC) ago the Egyptians cut thin strips from the stem of the marsh grass (Cyperous papyus)— soften them in water — layered— formed a mat — mat is crashed until thin and allow it to dry in sun —used for paper

Ø The Egyptians then replaced these writing materials with papyrus scroll.

Ø This was much lighter and easier to use as it was derived from a special kind of cane (Cyperus papyrus), which grow vigoursly along the river Nile.

Ø The word ‘paper’ is related, of course, to the Egyptian term Papyrus

Ø When a new material began to offer competition to it  papyrus was used less and less frequently.

Ø This new writing material was developed in Pergamum and consisted of calf’s or goat’s leather which was washed and polished with pumice stone so that it could be written over on both sides.

Ø The actual discovery of paper by the Chinese appears to date back to the year 105 AD or around 107 AD it shown in official report and credited to T saï-Lun who served as the minister of agriculture under King Hoti.

Ø Tsaï-Lun developed a true paper (true inventors of paper) and he succeeded in creating a mass from old cloths and cooked peelings which yielded a brilliant white sheet when it was passed through a sieve and dried.

Ø The production of paper was kept secret in China for a long time.

Ø Chinese paper making technique become more specialized with over centuries in sized, coated, dyed and insect protected

Ø  Chinese establihsed a paper at Samarkand (6th centuary) became the first center of paper production in the Islamic world.
Ø It than spread in Korea (2nd century) and Japan (6-7th century), and Asia—Nepal—India—Europe where paper rapidly established itself as a writing material.

Ø The first paper mill known to have existed opened near Troyes in France in the year 1348. Further mills are to be found in Corbeil-Essonnes (1354) and Saint Cloud (1376).

Ø This new branch of industry gradually spread throughout Europe and it was given further momentum by the invention of letterpress printing by Gutenberg in 1445.

Ø Paper making in India, started about the year 1830 with the installation of the first paper mill in West Bengal

Ø At the beginning of the 19th century, paper was being manufactured by hand.

Ø Paper manufacturing established itself in Europe around 1825. Around 1850 the first machine was developed for the manufacturing of multi-layer cartons.

Ø At this time there were more than 300 machines in England, about 250 in France, and almost as many in Germany. Each of these machines, although very small and slow when compared with the technology of today.

Ø The machines of today can be up to 100 meters long and produce paper of significant width at a speed of several thousand meters per minute, producing and an average 100 tons of paper reels per day.

There are a wide range of hardwood and softwood trees that are used in papermaking


Popular posts from this blog

What is Agroforestry

Agroforestry • Definition:-Agroforestry is the branch of forestry, in which Agriculture crops are grow with the forest trees and shrubs. Or • Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees and shrubs are grow around and among Agricultural crops. It's called Agroforestry.
• Agroforestry could play an important role in miltigating climate change, because it sequesters more atmospheric carbon in plant parts and soil.
• Agroforestry was formally outlined in the early 20th century by American economic geographer J. Russell Smith in his book Tree crops: A permanent Agriculture (1929).


IUCN ( International Union for Conservation of Nature) • IUCN was established on 5 October 1948 in the French town of Fontainebleau. • Headquarter:- Gland, Switzerland • CEO:- Grethel Aguilar (Jun 2019) • Founder:- Julian Huxley • Founded:- 5 October 1948, Fontainebleau, France. • Members:- 1400

* The International Union for Conservation of Nature is an international organisation working in the field of Nature conservation and sustainable use of Natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy and education. Or * International Union for Conservation of Nature is a democratic Union that brings together the world's most influential organization and top expert's in a combined effort to conserve nature and accelerate the transition to sustainable development.

• IUCN is a membership union composed of both government and civil society organisations. It harnesses the experience, resources and reach of its more than 1400 member organizati…

Benefits of Agroforestry

Benefits of Agroforestry • Three benifits of Agroforestry.
(1) Environmental benefits. (2) Economic benefits. (3) Social benefits.
• Agroforestry system have been adopted in many parts of the world.
(1) Environmental Benefits:- Agroforestry miltigating climate change affects through natural resources conservation in the short andCand sequestration in the long run.
• They can control runoff and soil erosion, there by reducing losses of water, soil material, organic matter and nutrients.

               1.0 Environmental Benefits

(2) Economic Benefits:- Greater output of food, fuel wood, fooder and timber.
• Significant potential to provide employment to rural and urban population.

                       2.0 Economic Benefits

(3) Social Benefits:- Improvement in rural living standards.
• Making villagers self-dependent.
• Rural people are easily produces the high production of Agricultural crops and forest products.

3.0 Social Benefits